IT Management

5 IT Infrastructure Components You Should Know About

By | 7 min read | Published
5 components of IT infrastructure

IT infrastructure components ensure smooth communication and secure data sharing.

Information technology (IT) infrastructure is critical to maintaining and improving the overall employee performance and productivity of your business. A strong network of IT infrastructure components, such as hardware, software, and data storage, makes your business operations run better and faster. A weak one, on the other hand, slows down work processes or leads to inefficiency.

With businesses becoming increasingly digital, the need for strong IT infrastructure management has become critical. If you’re someone responsible for the effective use of technology at your business, this blog is for you.

We discuss the role and importance of IT infrastructure components and how they help build and maintain robust IT infrastructure that ensures smooth communication, fast exchange of information, and secure data sharing within your business.

1. Hardware

Hardware refers to the physical components that form the core of IT infrastructure. Some examples include computers, laptops, printers, and storage devices. IT infrastructure components such as software and applications need hardware to function properly.

Hardware allows users to input data into the systems and store and share it. It works hand in hand with software applications to communicate with the users. The speed and adaptability of your infrastructure depend on hardware. That’s why you should upgrade your hardware components as per the latest technological changes.

Things to keep in mind: Hardware components are expensive and take up a significant portion of the IT budget. Here are a few factors to consider while buying hardware:

  • Features: Each hardware component has a unique feature, such as storage space, size, processor, or connectivity, so assess your needs before investing in hardware.
  • Speed and performance: Most hardware devices have a processor that is responsible for speed and performance. More the processing power, higher the hardware device’s capacity to handle critical tasks and extensive workload.
  • Mobility: Hardware components can be made more mobile by integrating them with advanced data storage components, such as cloud services, to add flexibility for remote access of systems and resources.
  • Budget: Hardware components are expensive and can lead to budget overruns. The best practice is to first identify the features you need and then compare the options available on the market to find one that best fits your budget.

2. Software

Software is a set of instructions—in the form of codes—that enables hardware devices to function. Hardware and software cannot work without each other. For example, a computer cannot work without an operating system, and an internet service cannot work without a web application and a computer.

In simple terms, software directs hardware to do its job. It helps automate tasks that are either time-consuming or prone to human errors. These tasks include day-to-day activities such as data entry or analysis. Using software enhances efficiency by saving time and effort, which can be used to complete other tasks that add business value.

Things to keep in mind: Software is a crucial component of your business’s IT infrastructure. Therefore, you should carefully consider the available solutions against your business needs and budget. Here are some things to consider while buying software:

  • What features does the software offer?
  • How much does it cost, and what is its pricing model?
  • What value is it adding to your existing work processes?
  • How often do you need to update your software?

3. Network

Network is a combination of hardware and software to support your business’s technology environment. For instance, computers are connected to printers through wires and a wireless connection to perform tasks. This connection is networking, and the wires are the network infrastructure.

Networking requires both hardware and software components to provide adequate support in the form of network infrastructure. Its components allow communication and collaboration between users, applications, and work processes via the internet. The hardware and software components of network infrastructure include the following:

Network hardware

Network software

  • Routers
  • Switches
  • Cables
  • Local area network (LAN) cards
  • Firewall
  • Operating system
  • Network security
  • Network operations and management

Things to keep in mind: Without adequate network infrastructure, your business could face security issues or poor user experience that can impact productivity. Here are some ways to build strong and secure network infrastructure:

  • Plan the placement of network components to facilitate uninterrupted information flow between them while performing tasks.
  • Use security tools such as a firewall to prevent unauthorized network access.
  • Create multiple smaller groups of network components (i.e., network segregation) to prevent the entire system from getting affected due to issues with a single component.
  • Use network management and monitoring tools to ensure all network components are working properly.

4. Data center

Data center is a physical or virtual space to store and manage business information and applications. It provides employees secure, uninterrupted access to information and applications.

Data center infrastructure comprises servers, storage devices, computer applications, security systems, and routers. These components ensure smooth internal and external communication and secure storage and management of your business’s information.

Things to keep in mind: Data is critical for informed decision-making; therefore, its dependability, security, and access should be your top priorities. Here are some ways to keep your data center secure, adaptable, and manageable:

  • Have flexible data center infrastructure that easily adapts to technological changes and new component additions.
  • To increase storage space and the speed of storage components, get rid of data that is no longer relevant to your business.
  • Combine the benefits of public cloud and private cloud services to cater to the data needs of remote workers.
  • Use data center management tools to boost the efficiency, reliability, and security of your data centers.

5. Remote connectivity

Remote connectivity is the process of virtually connecting, sharing, and managing business resources and assets in a digital workplace. With remote connectivity, stakeholders (e.g., clients, employees) can access data and files from any location, and the technical support team can track and manage business assets using tools such as a virtual private network (VPN).

Remote connectivity adds flexibility to work processes and enhances efficiency. It allows your business to function properly in a distributed (hybrid, remote, or in-office) environment using supported devices, platforms, and networks.

Things to keep in mind: Information security is one of the major concerns when working remotely. Here are some ways to facilitate a secure remote work environment:

Strengthen your business’s IT infrastructure

When talking about IT infrastructure management, automation can be a great way to get it right. Businesses are increasingly automating their IT infrastructure operations to boost efficiency and productivity. But, is automation a complete solution? Watch the video to get your answer. 


Infrastructure components play a crucial role in establishing a stable and efficient IT infrastructure. Right from selecting hardware to identifying supporting software, connectivity, and integration solutions, everything needs to be thoroughly and carefully implemented. This will help keep your business needs and technology resources in sync, leading to effective IT infrastructure management.

Looking for IT Management software? Check out Capterra's list of the best IT Management software solutions.

About the Author

Saumya Srivastava

Saumya Srivastava

Writer @ Capterra, covering small business trends and emerging technologies. I am a Masters in Mass Communication and certified in Digital Marketing. On a few weekends of the year, you can find me indulged in spiritual healing or travelling.

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